sports ball — equipment intended for team sports: football, basketball, volleyball and others. All balls (except the rugby ball) are spherical.

Soccer ball

Football — consists of a rubber chamber, internal coatings and tires. The cover of the ball consists of 12 pentagons and 20 hexagons sewn or glued together.

There are the following types of soccer balls.

Professional — Designed for football teams at the highest level. It is made from the highest quality materials, which is reflected in its price. Must comply with the regulations set by FIFA.

match — used for games at different levels. Its price is lower than the professional model, but higher than the training one. The characteristics of the match ball must comply with FIFA regulations.

Training — a cheaper option than previous types of balls. The best option for playing on very hard surfaces, while maintaining a large number of impacts.

For mini football (futsal) — differs from a regular ball in that its chamber is not filled with air, but with foam material. Such a ball is heavier, therefore, the rebound becomes not so fast.

Advertising (souvenir) — a small souvenir ball is designed to promote an event, company, brand.

tire material

Polyurethane (PU) – feels like genuine leather, strong and durable material. However, a PU covered ball is more expensive than a PVC ball.

Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) — cheaper option, but less good handling (especially in cold weather). Tires for training balls are made from this material.

Camera material

Latex — gives the ball a stable flight path, greater sensitivity and softness. However, latex bladders leak air over time and need to be inflated frequently. The best option for professionals.

Butyl These bladders hold air well, but are less sensitive and more rigid than latex bladders.

Important: a budget version of a soccer ball with good playing characteristics is: PVC tire + latex bladder.

Dimensions and weight

Size Circumference, mm The weight, Mr Purpose


to 430 advertising
2 to 560 to 284 advertising, training for children under 4 years old
3 to 610 up to 340 training for children under 8 years old
4 635-660 369-425 mini-football, for children under 12 years old
5 680-700 up to 450 professional, match, training


Basketball consists of a chamber, a frame, a winding of threads and an outer cover. The coating has a characteristic shade of orange with a pattern of eight inserts and black seams.

There are the following types of basketballs.

Indoor — Designed for indoor play only. The ball is most often covered with soft genuine leather, resistant to wear in the basketball hall, but quickly worn out in the street game. It has good adhesion to the surface.

Outdoor — Used for outdoor play only. The ball is made of synthetic materials and is characterized by excellent resistance to wear when in contact with asphalt. This ball has improved traction on the surface, which allows it to be well controlled during the game.

Indoor/outdoor — universal option, used both for playing indoors and outdoors. Such a ball is harder with a dense rubber coating, it has good resistance to asphalt impacts, friction, and adverse weather conditions.

Coating material

Rubber — the cheapest option, well suited for playing on the street.

Synthetic leather (leatherette) — often used for universal models. These balls are more expensive, but they have a longer service life.

Composite skin — durable and soft material. The balls are only suitable for indoor play. They are more expensive than leatherette models, but cheaper than genuine leather balls.

Leather — the most expensive option. Leather balls are used in professional competition and are intended for indoor play only.

Important: balls with a synthetic or composite coating are good for playing on rubber, smooth or wooden surfaces.

Dimensions and weight

Size Length circles, mm The weight, Mr Purpose


560-580 300-330 for children’s teams
5 690-710 470-500 for junior teams and children under 12, mini-basketball
6 720-740 500-540 for women’s teams and boys under 16
7 750-780 567-650 for men’s teams


Volleyball — consists of a rubber chamber and a tire. The cover of the ball consists of 6 panels of leather (natural or synthetic) stretched around the frame. The ball can be white or multi-colored (blue-white-yellow).

There are the following types of volleyballs.

For beach volleyball — The tire is made of waterproof material and has a bright color. For beach volleyball, stitched balls are better because they are less prone to deformation when wet.

For classic volleyball — characterized by high density and hard coating, which is usually made of artificial leather.

tire material

Faux leather — the ball bounces well, has good resistance to impacts and moisture. This ball is used by professional athletes.

Leather — soft material. Good for kids and lovers.

Dimensions and weight

Length circles, mm The weight, Mr Purpose
650-670 260-280 classic volleyball
660-680 260-280 Beach volleyball

Important: it is better to buy a multi-colored ball, because during the game the bright coloring helps to determine the trajectory of its flight. In addition, the bright color will help not to lose sight of the ball during the game in poor lighting conditions (evening).

Handball ball

handball — consists of a chamber and a tire of 32 panels.

tire material

Rubber — durable material. Good for beach handball.

Artificial leather (based on polyurethane) – pleasant to the touch, resistant to wear and impact, provides good contact.

Camera material

Butyl – better maintains uniform air pressure.

Latex — natural and inexpensive, but quickly deflates.

Dimensions and weight

Size Circumference, mm The weight, Mr Purpose
0 460-490 225-300 for teams of children 6-8 years old
1 500-520 290-330 for youth teams 8-14 years old
2 540-560 325-375 for men’s teams 8-12 years old, women’s teams over 14 years old
3 580-600 425-475 for men’s teams over 14 years old

rugby ball

rugby ball — consists of a rubber chamber and a leather tire. Unlike previous models, it has the shape of an ellipsoid.

Dimensions and weight:

  • size 3 — for children 6-9 years old;
  • size 4 – for teenagers 10-14 years old;
  • size 5 (standard) — length up to 300 mm, transverse girth — 620 mm, longitudinal — 770 mm, weight 410-460 g.


The group of specialized ball manufacturers includes the brands Molten, Nike, Wilson, Spalding, Mikasa, Gala, Select, Sprinter, Winner, Joma, Uhlsport. The products of these brands are of high quality and durable, regardless of the class — amateur or professional sports. If you plan to play rarely, then choose simpler and cheaper models. The best balls for volleyball are considered to be Mikasa, for basketball — Molten, Nike, Wilson, Spalding.

Balls from nameless manufacturers are cheaper than branded products. However, they are characterized by lower quality materials of manufacture, which quickly lose their original appearance: the paint cracks and peels off. Sometimes, under intense loads, such balls can even burst.


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