Skateboard — a wooden platform (deck) on four wheels.

Longboard — a kind of skateboard, which has an elongated deck (up to 3 meters) and enlarged wheels. On such a board, the roughness of the road is not felt, it develops high speed and does not require constant repulsion. However, the longboard is quite heavy.

Rollersurf — combines a skateboard and roller skates. Consists of two plates connected by a torsion spring. Unlike a skateboard, it has two wheels (four-wheel models are very rare). Differs in high maneuverability and is capable to develop rather high speed. You don’t have to constantly push back.

  • Separate rollersurf — a kind of rollersurf, in which the decks are not connected by a torsion spring. It is impossible to jump on this skateboard, but it is good for tricks on a flat surface.

mountainboard – a wooden platform on large inflatable wheels (up to 25 cm) and spring suspension. Designed for descent over rough terrain. Has bindings for the athlete’s legs.

Penny board — a kind of skateboard, which is distinguished by its small size, bright design. The deck of the penny board is made of a very strong and lightweight plastic, the suspension is made of aluminum, and the wheels are made of polyurethane (plastic or aluminum core). This youth skate model is suitable for adults. The penny board is used to drive fast and perform various tricks.

Children’s skateboard

Children’s — differs from an adult in size and design, as well as a lower maximum load. Good children’s skateboards are made from the same materials as adults.

When choosing a skateboard for a child, you should consider some features:

  • the length of the skate is not of fundamental importance, however, larger children (compared to their peers) should choose longer boards; the width of the skateboard should be 7.5-8 inches;
  • buy a board made in the current year: the longer the board is stored, the more it deforms;
  • skate wheels should not be too hard; harder wheels give more speed and at the same time worse grip;
  • the surface of the skateboard must be absolutely flat: to make sure of this, you should lift the board and look at it from the end;
  • pay attention to the skate material: it is better to take a model made of Canadian maple.



Canadian maple — the most suitable material for making a soundboard: strong and hard with a dense texture. It has a rather high price.

Chinese maple — less durable material, but its price is lower.

Canadian + Chinese maple — a combination of two materials: the top and bottom layer is made of Canadian maple, the inner layer is made of Chinese maple.

Plastic — used for roller surfers. Allows you to apply a variety of design solutions.

The skin

Sandpaper (grip tape) — sandpaper, which is glued to the deck of the skateboard for reliable adhesion to the athlete’s shoes. Also, the flu tape performs a decorative function: there are black, gray, colored skins, as well as models covered with drawings and transparent emery.

Usually the skin is glued once when assembling the skateboard. If in the process of skiing there is not enough strong grip with the sole, then it is better to replace the emery. It should be remembered that before gluing a new flu tape, the old skin must come off.

You should not buy colored flu tapes — they have much weaker grip and low abrasion resistance. Another disadvantage of colored skins is the higher price. If you want to create your own style, you can paint solid black or gray emery with high-quality acrylic markers.

Number of layers

Decks are made of veneer — layers of wood glued together.

7 layers — occurs most often. Good balance of strength and weight for general riding.

8-9 layers — characterized by increased strength. The best option for extreme driving and stunts. High-quality 8-9-layer skateboards almost do not differ in weight from 7-layer skateboards.


The length and width of the deck is selected depending on the size of the person, as well as his individual preferences. The deck length varies from 16.9 to 55 inches and the width varies from 4.6 to 10.625 inches.

The standard deck length is 31 inches. Children’s options are shorter (miniskateboards). The width of the deck directly affects the stability and controllability of the skateboard, especially during jumps. For beginners, it is better to choose boards of medium width. The optimal width and length is selected by «fitting live».


Diameter and thickness

The diameter of the wheels depends on the size of the deck, style and riding conditions. This figure ranges from 40 to 180 mm. The standard diameter for a skateboard is 54mm, allowing you to both ride and perform tricks. Rollersurfers have 76mm wheels.

Important: the larger the wheel diameter, the higher the speed of skating and the faster the acceleration. The lower this value, the more maneuverable the skateboard and, accordingly, the easier it is to perform tricks.

The thickness of the wheels depends on the diameter — up to 57 mm.


This indicator reflects the amount of resistance of the wheel under mechanical action. Marking is carried out with a number and the letter A. In this case, the higher the number, the greater the rigidity of the wheel.

Very soft (less than 80A) and soft wheels (80-85A) provide better traction, maneuverability and good shock absorption. The disadvantage is that they are more susceptible to deformation and wear than rigid ones. Rigid (100A) — have a long service life and better maintain speed.

Important: hard wheels are best for street riding, soft wheels for ramps.

Bearing class

The bearing class is different according to the American ABEC standard. The higher the manufacturing accuracy, the higher the bearing class. There are five classes in total (1, 3, 5, 7, 9). ABEC 3, ABEC 5 and ABEC 7 are the most common.

The strength, service life and price of a skateboard depend on the bearing class. Expensive bearings (from class 5 and above) are required, first of all, for sports skateboards, which are characterized by aggressive riding.


The suspension is the frame that connects the wheels and the deck. The maneuverability of the skateboard depends on it. The suspension is adjustable (loose or twisted) for a specific riding style.


Aluminum — occurs most often. Optimal balance of strength and lightness.

Steel — rarely used, stronger than aluminum, but also heavier.

Plastic — used in children’s skateboards. Very light material and strong enough for the baby’s weight.

Width suspension depends on the width of the deck and varies from 1.75 to 10 inches. The wider the board, the wider the suspension.

Maximum load — means the maximum allowable load on the skateboard and ranges from 20 to 120 kg. It includes both the weight of the rider himself and the load when performing tricks.

The weight

The weight of the skateboard directly affects its maneuverability. Lighter skateboards are easier and more comfortable to control. The weight of the device ranges from 1 kg to 15 kg. It should be noted that this value includes not only the weight of the board, but also the weight of the suspension with wheels. The best option for the standard model is 3 kg.

electric skateboard

Electroskate (electroskateboard) — a skateboard that is driven by an electric motor and equipped with a braking system. It does not require effort to ride, which makes it possible to cover long distances without significant expenditure of physical energy. Electric transport is controlled by tilting the body (forward — movement, backward — braking).

Compared to a skateboard, the wheels of an electric skateboard have a larger diameter, which improves its maneuverability. An electric skateboard can go faster than a skateboard. In addition, such a device makes less noise when driving.

True, the electric skateboard is not suitable for performing individual complex tricks, for example, sliding along the edges of architectural elements. Such transport is more expensive and heavier than a regular skateboard.


The brands Santa Cruz, Blind, Element, Shorty’s are considered to be the best board manufacturers in the world. These skateboards have all the advantages: lightness, strength, original design. It should be understood that models of especially low weight will be less strong. Overall, every skateboard from these brands is absolutely worth the money spent on it. It is on such boards that cult skateboarders with world authority ride.

The average quality segment is made up of products from the brands Explore, Powerslide, Razor, Tempish, Roller Derby. These boards are cheaper, but they have more significant drawbacks: fragility, not the best surfaces (skins).

The cheapest skateboards are products of Chinese and local manufacturers Kepai, Re:Action, Sprinter, Amigo Sport, MaxCity, Sports Collection. Usually these are assembled boards that are sold in sports supermarkets. They may well suit a beginner skateboarder who is just trying his hand. If you plan to skateboard, then these boards will not suit you: among them it is difficult to choose options that correspond to certain styles of skating, the skins deteriorate very quickly, the wheels and bearings of the lowest quality quickly fail.

It is imperative to purchase skateboarding products in specialized stores, because this is an extreme sport, therefore, buying a low-quality Chinese skateboard can cost you your health.


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